Finnish courts -
District courts -
In a criminal trial it is established whether the suspect has committed an offence and decided what punishment is to be imposed on the person found guilty. Usually criminal cases are handled in an oral hearing of the District Court, but simple cases may be decided also on the basis of written procedure.
A person will stand trial before a district court if he or she is charged e.g. with theft, driving while intoxicated, assault or some other punishable act. Normally, also the victim’s (injured party’s) claim for compensation is decided in connection with the criminal case.
The participants in a criminal case are the public prosecutor, the defendant and the victim, i.e., the injured party. Often also witnesses are heard in court.
Already before trial a criminal case may be subject to mediation. The offender and the victim may enter into an agreement on the compensation for the damage arising from the offence. However, mediation does not preclude a criminal trial in the matter, especially if a serious offence is concerned.
Under the Act on Compensation for Crime Damage, the victim of a crime can be paid a compensation for personal injury, property damage and other economic loss caused by a criminal offence. More on State Treasury´s sites.
Mediation in penal matters
Written procedure in a criminal case
State Treasury, Crime Damages
Updated on 18 April 2013