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Judicial districts of district courts has changed
The judicial districts of the district courts changed on 1 January 2010. From the beginning of year 2010, there are 27 district courts in Finland. Some of the district courts has remain the same (Ňland, Espoo, Helsinki, Kemi-Tornio, Tuusula and Vantaa), but in most cases both the name and the judicial district of the district court has changed.
The judicial districts of the new district courts will mainly follow the boundaries of the regions, and their names will also correspond to the names of the regions. For example, the new District Court of South Ostrobothnia will consist of the District Courts of Kauhajoki, Kauhava and Seinšjoki, and the new District Court of Kymenlaakso will consist of the District Courts of Kouvola and Kotka. In the largest district courts, there are dozens of judges and over a hundred other officials.
In connection with the structural change, a registry of district court has been closed down in 15 localities in the beginning of 2010 and in 15 more localities later.
The purpose of the structural change is to offer district courts better opportunities for high quality operations. In larger courts, judges have an opportunity to specialise in certain branches of law and to improve their expertise in demanding matters. Simultaneously, the amount of administrative work can be decreased. In addition, registrations of titles to a property, mortgages and other registration issues relating to real estates will be transferred to National Land Survey of Finland in connection with the structural change.
In 1993, an extensive reform of courts of first instance was carried out. In the reform, 70 district courts were formed of the city courts and circuit courts of that time. District courts have since then been merged so that there are 51 district courts nowadays. Government has decided (Government Decree 410/2008) that the structural change will be completed by creating 27 district courts of the current 51 district courts in the beginning of 2010.
Updated on 27 December 2010